Study of macrophage functions in murine J774 cells and human activated THP-1 cells exposed to oritavancin, a lipoglycopeptide with high cellular accumulation.

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Study of macrophage functions in murine J774 cells and human activated THP-1 cells exposed to oritavancin, a lipoglycopeptide with high cellular accumulation.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014;58(4):2059-66

Authors: Lemaire S, Mingeot-Leclercq MP, Tulkens PM, Van Bambeke F

Abstract
Oritavancin, a lipoglycopeptide antibiotic in development, accumulates to high levels in the lysosomes of eukaryotic cells. We examined specific functions of macrophages (phagocytic capacity, lysosomal integrity, metabolic activity, and production of reactive oxygen species [ROS]) in correlation with the cellular accumulation of the drug, using J774 mouse macrophages and THP-1 human monocytes differentiated into macrophages using phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Oritavancin did not affect Pseudomonas aeruginosa phagocytosis, lysosomal integrity, or metabolic activity in cells incubated for 3 h with extracellular concentrations ranging from 5 to 50 μg/ml. At extracellular concentrations of ≥25 μg/ml, oritavancin reduced latex bead phagocytosis by approximately 50% and doubled ROS production in J774 macrophages only. This may result from the fact that the cellular accumulation of oritavancin was 15 times higher in J774 cells than in activated THP-1 cells at 3 h. Human pharmacokinetic studies estimate that the concentration of oritavancin in alveolar macrophages could reach approximately 560 μg/ml after administration of a cumulative dose of 4 g, which is below the cellular concentration needed in the present study to impair latex bead phagocytosis (1,180 μg/ml) or to stimulate ROS production (15,000 μg/ml) by J774 cells. The data, therefore, suggest that, in spite of its substantial cellular accumulation, oritavancin is unlikely to markedly affect macrophage functions under the conditions of use investigated in current phase III trials (a single dose of 1,200 mg).

PMID: 24449768 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]