Mycopathologia. 2021 Jan 3. doi: 10.1007/s11046-020-00525-x. Online ahead of print.
Invasive trichosporonosis is a rare and lethal fungal infection that occurs in immunocompromised patients. Breakthrough trichosporonosis can occur in patients treated with echinocandins since Trichosporon spp. are resistant to these antifungal agents. We report a case of breakthrough Trichosporon asahii fungemia. A 62-year-old Japanese woman with relapsed follicular lymphoma was treated empirically with broad-spectrum antibiotics and micafungin due to an intermittent fever during reinduction chemotherapy. After four cycles of anti-cancer chemotherapy, she experienced a high neutropenic fever and T. asahii was subsequently detected from a blood culture. The patient was not given voriconazole due to the contraindication for use with carbamazepine, and she was successfully treated with fluconazole plus liposomal amphotericin B without any serious complications. The combined therapy of fluconazole and liposomal amphotericin B may therefore be useful in treating T. asahii fungemia, especially in patients receiving antiepileptic agents.