Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2021 Apr 1;554:214-221. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.12.109. Online ahead of print.
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common bone malignant tumor. However, the genetic basis of OS pathogenesis is still not understood, and occurrence of chemo-resistance is a major reason for the high morbidity of OS patients. Recently, chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA binding protein 1-like gene (CHD1L) has been identified as a gene related to malignant tumor progression. Unfortunately, its effects on OS development and drug resistance are still not understood. In the study, we attempted to investigate the effects of CHD1L on tumorigenesis and chemoresistance in OS. We found that CHD1L expression was markedly up-regulated in OS samples, especially in cisplatin (cDDP)-resistant patients. We also showed that OS cells with CHD1L knockdown were more sensitive to cDDP treatment with lower IC50 values. In addition, we found that CHD1L deletion markedly reduced cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in OS cells with cDDP resistance. Moreover, the properties of cancer stem cells were highly suppressed in cDDP-resistant OS cells following CHD1L knockdown. Furthermore, multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR-1) expression levels were dramatically decreased in OS cells with cDDP resistance when CHD1L was suppressed. Functional analysis indicated that CHD1L knockdown clearly restrained the activation of ERK1/2, protein kinase B (AKT) and NF-κB signaling pathways in cDDP-resistant OS cells. Consistently, animal experiments suggested that CHD1L suppression mitigated cDDP resistance in the generated in vivo xenografts. Collectively, CHD1L could modulate chemoresistance of OS cells to cDDP, and thus may be inspiring findings for overcoming drug resistance in OS.