Suppression of multidrug resistance by rosiglitazone treatment in human ovarian cancer cells through downregulation of FZD1 and MDR1 genes.
Anticancer Drugs. 2015 Jun 5;
Authors: Zhang H, Jing X, Wu X, Hu J, Zhang X, Wang X, Su P, Li W, Zhou G
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle in the successful treatment of ovarian cancer. One of the most common causes of MDR is overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the MDR1 gene. The MDR1 gene is a direct target of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which plays an important role in ovarian cancer. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) ligands have been found to protect against development of cancer through the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. To investigate the effect of PPARγ ligands on MDR1/P-gp expression, we treated a MDR ovarian cancer cell subline, A2780/Taxol, with different concentrations of rosiglitazone (Rosi), a member of the synthetic PPARγ ligands. Rosi downregulated FZD1 and MDR1/P-gp expression in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, nuclear β-catenin levels and its transcriptional activity decreased significantly. In conclusion, Rosi may reverse MDR of ovarian cancer cells by downregulating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway with the suppression of FZD1.
PMID: 26053275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]