Susceptibility trends of ceftolozane/tazobactam and comparators when tested against European Gram-negative bacterial surveillance isolates collected during 2012-18.

Susceptibility trends of ceftolozane/tazobactam and comparators when tested against European Gram-negative bacterial surveillance isolates collected during 2012-18.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2020 Jul 10;:

Authors: Sader HS, Carvalhaes CG, Duncan LR, Flamm RK, Shortridge D

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The Program to Assess Ceftolozane/Tazobactam Susceptibility (PACTS) monitors the in vitro activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam and numerous antimicrobial agents against Gram-negative bacteria worldwide.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam and resistance trends among Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacterales isolates in Europe between 2012 and 2018.
METHODS: P. aeruginosa (7503) and Enterobacterales (30 582) isolates were collected from 53 medical centres in 26 countries in Europe and the Mediterranean region and tested for susceptibility by reference broth microdilution method in a central laboratory. MIC results were interpreted using EUCAST criteria.
RESULTS: Ceftolozane/tazobactam was the most active compound tested against P. aeruginosa isolates after colistin, with overall susceptibility rates of 94.1% in Western Europe and 80.9% in Eastern Europe. Moreover, ceftolozane/tazobactam retained activity against 75.2% and 59.2% of meropenem-non-susceptible P. aeruginosa isolates in Western and Eastern Europe, respectively. Tobramycin was the third most active compound tested against P. aeruginosa, with susceptibility rates of 88.6% and 70.9% in Western and Eastern Europe, respectively. Ceftolozane/tazobactam was active against 94.5% of all Enterobacterales and 96.1% of meropenem-susceptible isolates from Western Europe. In Eastern Europe, ceftolozane/tazobactam was active against 79.4% of Enterobacterales overall and 86.2% of meropenem-susceptible isolates.
DISCUSSION: Antimicrobial susceptibility rates for agents commonly used to treat serious systemic infections varied widely among nations and geographic regions and were generally lower in Eastern Europe compared with Western Europe. Ceftolozane/tazobactam demonstrated potent activity against P. aeruginosa, including MDR strains, and retained activity against most meropenem-susceptible Enterobacterales causing infection in European medical centres.

PMID: 32653914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]