Synergistic Effects from Combination of Cryptotanshinone and Fosfomycin Against Fosfomycin-Susceptible and Fosfomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

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Synergistic Effects from Combination of Cryptotanshinone and Fosfomycin Against Fosfomycin-Susceptible and Fosfomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Infect Drug Resist. 2020;13:2837-2844

Authors: Ruan Z, Cui J, He Z, Guo Y, Jia X, Huang X

Abstract
Purpose: Fosfomycin is now widely used to treat methicillin-resistant S. aureus due to its unique antibacterial activity. However, fosfomycin-resistant S. aureus has rapidly emerged, it is urgent to find new treatments to eliminate fosfomycin-resistant S. aureus infection. The purpose of this study was to analyze the activity of cryptanshinone, a traditional Chinese medicine monomer, in combination with fosfomycin against fosfomycin-sensitive S. aureus (FSSA) and fosfomycin-resistant S. aureus (FRSA).
Methods: The MICs of fosfomycin and/or cryptanshinone were determined by agar dilution assay and checkerboard microdilution assay. Furthermore, synergistic effects from fosfomycin and/or cryptanshinone were analyzed by the time-kill assay in vitro.
Results: The combination of fosfomycin and cryptotanshinone had a synergistic effect on most (71.43%) of the FRSA and had a partial (28.57%) synergistic effect on a small part. In addition, time sterilization curve verified synergistic activity between cryptanshinone and fosfomycin against FSSA and FRSA, especially when fosfomycin was added for a second time.
Conclusion: These data suggest that cryptanshinone combined with fosfomycin could be a novel treatment for FRSA and provide a new direction for the treatment of bacterial infections in the future.

PMID: 32884307 [PubMed]