Synthesis and biological evaluation of 4-Anilino-quinazolines and -quinolines as inhibitors of Breast Cancer Resistance Protein (ABCG2).
J Med Chem. 2016 May 5;
Authors: Krapf MK, Wiese M
Chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer often fails due to overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport proteins, like ABCG2, triggering active efflux of various structurally unrelated drugs. This so-called multidrug resistance (MDR) may be reversed by selective, potent and non-toxic inhibitors of ABCG2. As only a few potent inhibitors are known, new compounds based on a 4-substituted-2-phenylquinazoline scaffold were investigated. Substitution with hydroxy, cyano, nitro, acetamido and fluoro led to high inhibitory activities toward ABCG2. The ability to reverse MDR of the most active compounds was confirmed in a MTT efficacy assay. Moreover, a negligibly low intrinsic cytotoxicity was found resulting in a high therapeutic ratio. Investigations of the inhibitory activity toward ABCB1 and ABCC1 yielded a high selectivity toward ABCG2 for the quinazoline compounds. Quinoline-based analogues showed lower inhibitory activity and selectivity. The study yielded a variety of promising compounds, some with superior properties compared to the standard inhibitor Ko143.
PMID: 27148793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]