Synthesis of novel thymol derivatives against MRSA and ESBL producing pathogenic bacteria.

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Synthesis of novel thymol derivatives against MRSA and ESBL producing pathogenic bacteria.

Nat Prod Res. 2018 May 24;:1-9

Authors: Swain SS, Paidesetty SK, Padhy RN

Abstract
Twelve substituted aryl-azo-thymol derivatives (4a to 4 l) were synthesized and characterized by several spectral techniques such as, FTIR, UV-vis, proton NMR, Mass spectrometry and elemental analysis. Antimicrobial activities were evaluated by agar-well diffusion method against isolated MRSA, ESBL-producing pathogenic bacteria and antifungal resistant fungi, in vitro. In addition, drug likeness properties of derivatives were assessed through bioinformatic tools such as, PASS prediction, molecular docking and Lipinski rules of five, along with determination of toxic nature and LD50 values. Among 12 derivatives, 4a, 4b, 4c, 4 g, 4i, 4j and 4 k had significant antibacterial and antifungal activities with minimum inhibitory concentration values, 40 to 80 μg/ml. Moreover, the docking scores of derivatives were -8.27 to -11.44 kcal/mol, against 4 bacterial targets and -9.45 to -12.49 kcal/mol against 2 fungal targets. Thus, from in vitro and in silico studies, thymol derivatives had control of MRSA, ESBL-producing bacteria and antifungal resistant fungi.

PMID: 29792335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]