Targeting uracil-DNA glycosylases for therapeutic outcomes using insights from virus evolution.
Future Med Chem. 2019 Jun 04;:
Authors: Savva R
Ung-type uracil-DNA glycosylases are frontline defenders of DNA sequence fidelity in bacteria, plants and animals; Ungs also directly assist both innate and humoral immunity. Critically important in viral pathogenesis, whether acting for or against viral DNA persistence, Ungs also have therapeutic relevance to cancer, microbial and parasitic diseases. Ung catalytic specificity is uniquely conserved, yet selective antiviral drugging of the Ung catalytic pocket is tractable. However, more promising precision therapy approaches present themselves via insights from viral strategies, including sequestration or adaptation of Ung for noncanonical roles. A universal Ung inhibition mechanism, converged upon by unrelated viruses, could also inform design of compounds to inhibit specific distinct Ungs. Extrapolating current developments, the character of such novel chemical entities is proposed.
PMID: 31161802 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]