TB management in the European Union/European Economic Area: a multi-centre survey

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2021 Feb 1;25(2):126-133. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.20.0849.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Essential TB care in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) comprises 21 standards for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of TB that constitute the European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ESTC).METHODS: In 2017, we conducted an audit on TB management and infection control measures against the ESTC standards. TB reference centres in five EU/EEA countries were purposely selected to represent the heterogeneous European TB burden and examine geographic variability.RESULTS: Data from 122 patients, diagnosed between 2012 and 2015 with multidrug-resistant TB (n = 49), extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) (n = 11), pre-XDR-TB (n = 29) and drug-susceptible TB (n = 33), showed that TB diagnosis and treatment practices were in general in agreement with the ESTC.CONCLUSION: Overall, TB management and infection control practices were in agreement with the ESTC in the selected EU/EEA reference centres. Areas for improvement include strengthening of integrated care services and further implementation of patient-centred approaches.

PMID:33656424 | DOI:10.5588/ijtld.20.0849