Teicoplanin dosing strategy for treatment of Staphylococcus aureus in Korean patients with neutropenic fever.

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Teicoplanin dosing strategy for treatment of Staphylococcus aureus in Korean patients with neutropenic fever.

Yonsei Med J. 2011 Jul;52(4):616-23

Authors: Ahn BJ, Yim DS, Lee DG, Kwon JC, Kim SH, Choi SM

Abstract
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to determine and compare the target attainment rate (TAR) between microorganism-nonspecific (C(trough)) and microorganism- specific (AUC24/MIC) targets over two weeks of teicoplanin administration according to several dose regimens for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus in Korean patients with neutropenic fever.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: One thousand virtual concentrations were obtained for each dose using the population pharmacokinetic parameters of teicoplanin adopted from a published study. Simulation of 1,000 virtual MICs was performed using the MICs of 78 clinical isolates of S. aureus collected from a hospital in Korea. Thereafter, these simulated MICs were randomly allocated to 1,000 virtual patients in whom the TARs for AUC24/MIC>125 [or 345] and C(trough)>10 [or 20] mg/L were determined. The relationship of the maintenance dose with the steady-state TAR was predicted with respect to the AUC24/MIC>125 [or 345] using logistic analysis.
RESULTS: The standard dose regimen of teicoplanin showed TARs of about 70% [or 33%] and 70% [or 20%] at steady-state in cases with AUC24/MIC>125 [or 345] and C(trough)>10 [or 20] mg/L, respectively.
CONCLUSION: The current standard dose regimen was predicted to be insufficient to adequately treat S. aureus in Korean patients with neutropenic fever. To assure at least an 80% TAR in this population, dose adjustment of teicoplanin should be considered.

PMID: 21623604 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]