Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2021 Jul 16;570:148-153. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2021.07.031. Online ahead of print.
P-glycoprotein, member of the B-subfamily of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily (e.g., ABCB1), has been demonstrated to confer resistance to clinically relevant anticancer drugs. Paradoxically, ABCB1-expressing multidrug resistant (MDR) cells are hypersensitivity or collateral sensitivity to non-toxic drugs. In this report, we demonstrate the capacity of trifluoperazine (TFP), a calmodulin inhibitor, to confer a collateral sensitivity onto ABCB1-overexpressing MDR cells. We show TFP-induced collateral sensitivity to be linked to ABCB1 expression and ATPase activity, as such phenotype is abolished in ABCB1-knockout MDR cells (CHORC5ΔABCB1 clones A1-A3) or with inhibitors of ABCB1 ATPase. TFP-induced collateral sensitivity is mediated by apoptotic cell death, due to enhanced oxidative stress. The findings in this study show for first time the use TFP as a collateral sensitivity drug, at clinically relevant concentrations. Moreover, given the use of trifluoperazine in the treatment for symptoms of schizophrenia and the role of ABCB1 transporter in tissue blood barriers and other physiologic functions, the finding in this study may have implications beyond cancer chemotherapy.