The PP2A regulatory subunits, Cdc55 and Rts1, play distinct roles in Candida albicans' growth, morphogenesis, and virulence.
Fungal Genet Biol. 2019 Jun 08;:103240
Authors: Han Q, Pan C, Wang Y, Wang N, Wang Y, Sang J
Protein phosphatase-2A (PP2A) is a heterotrimeric enzyme composed of a catalytic subunit, a regulatory subunit, and a structural subunit. In Candida albicans, Cdc55 and Rts1 have been identified as possible regulatory subunits of PP2A containing the catalytic subunit Pph21 and structural subunit Tpd3. The Tpd3-Pph21 phosphatase regulates cell morphogenesis and division. However, the functions of Cdc55 and Rts1 remain unclear. Here, we constructed cdc55Δ/Δ and rts1Δ/Δ mutants and found that they exhibit different defects in multiple phenotypes although both show similar hyperphosphorylation of the septin Sep7 and aberrant septin organization. Under yeast growth conditions, the cdc55Δ/Δ mutant grows slowly as pseudohyphae with some cells lacking the nucleus, while rts1Δ/Δ cells are round and enlarged and seem to undergo incomplete cell separation producing multinucleated cells. Strong chitin deposition occurs at the septum of cdc55Δ/Δ cells and on the surface of rts1Δ/Δ cells, which likely contributes to increased susceptibility to caspofungin. Also, cdc55Δ/Δ exhibits severe defects in hyphal and biofilm formation, while rts1Δ/Δ is partially defective. Both mutants show reduced virulence in mice, suggesting that PP2A-B subunits could serve as potential antifungal targets.
PMID: 31185286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]