Braz J Microbiol. 2021 Apr 8. doi: 10.1007/s42770-021-00477-4. Online ahead of print.
The occurrence of multidrug-resistant Serratia marcescens strains represents a serious public health threat. The purpose here is to report three cases of carbapenem-resistant S. marcescens infections with unfavorable clinical outcomes and provide a molecular description of the antibiotic resistance determinants at a genomic level. We performed bacterial identification by VITEK 2 and MALDI-TOF. The minimal inhibitory concentrations of antimicrobials were determined according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines, except for tigecycline, for which they were determined using Etest strips. Preliminary screening for the presence of carbapenemases was performed by ertapenem hydrolysis using MALDI-TOF MS. Whole-genome sequencing was provided to identify genes responsible for virulence and antimicrobial resistance. Here we report three challenging cases of S. marcescens that were resistant to the most commonly used antibiotics. Otherwise, we performed a genome description, which includes several genes involved in the resistance and virulence. These cases illustrate serious infection due to multidrug-resistant organisms and the complexity of treatment. Our results highlight the need to evaluate isolates regularly during long-term hospital stay to achieve optimal quality of clinical care and thus improve patient outcomes.