BMC Res Notes. 2021 Mar 2;14(1):81. doi: 10.1186/s13104-021-05499-7.
OBJECTIVE: We developed a silver-containing hydroxyapatite (Ag-HA) coating to prevent periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the main PJI-causing bacteria. Previously, we had reported the combined effect of Ag-HA coating and vancomycin (VCM) on MRSA biofilm formation 24 h after MRSA inoculation. In this study, we investigated the time-dependent efficacy of Ag-HA coating and VCM on MRSA biofilm formation on Ti discs in vitro by three-dimensional confocal laser scanning microscopic analysis.
RESULTS: For the Ti VCM and HA VCM groups, the total biofilm volumes per area at 96 h after MRSA inoculation were significantly larger than those at 48 h after MRSA inoculation, respectively (p < 0.001). In contrast, for the Ag-HA VCM group, the total biofilm volume per area at 96 h was significantly smaller than that at 48 h (p < 0.0001). Moreover, 96 h after MRSA inoculation, the total biofilm volume per area of the Ag-HA VCM groups was significantly smaller than those of the Ti VCM and HA VCM groups (p < 0.0001). Thus, the combination of Ag-HA and VCM might be useful for the prevention of MRSA-associated PJI.