Transcriptional Analysis of IncFrepB-Mediated blaOXA-48-Positive Plasmid Characterized from Escherichia coli ST448.

Transcriptional Analysis of IncFrepB-Mediated blaOXA-48-Positive Plasmid Characterized from Escherichia coli ST448.

Microb Drug Resist. 2020 Oct 07;:

Authors: Paul D, Dhar D, Chakravarty A, Bhattacharjee A

Abstract
Objectives: To investigate the transcriptional response of blaOXA-48 and the copy number alteration of IncFrepB plasmid carrying blaOXA-48 under an antibiotic concentration gradient. Methods: Escherichia coli strains harboring blaOXA-48 on an IncFrepB plasmid were isolated from Silchar Medical College and Hospital, Silchar, India. Sequence type and common resistance determinants were determined by PCR assay. Plasmid copy number alteration and the transcriptional expression of blaOXA-48 under different antibiotic pressures were determined by quantitative real-time PCR, and the relative fold change was measured by the ΔΔCT method. Results and Conclusion: The plasmid that carried blaOXA-48 in E. coli ST448 was characterized as IncFrepB and found to be conjugatively transferable. The isolates were found to coexist with blaNDM-1 within the IncX3-type plasmid. It was observed that the copy number and transcriptional response of blaOXA-48 were directly proportional to the increasing concentration of meropenem and ertapenem, whereas in the case of imipenem, it was reversed. The identification of blaOXA-48 through IncFrepB-type plasmid in this study indicates the potential route of spread of this resistance determinant in this area and also the insights we gained from the transcriptional changes of blaOXA-48 in response to different antibiotic pressures could also facilitate the development of novel or alternative therapeutic options needed for multidrug-resistant infections.

PMID: 33026961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]