Treatment of elderly patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis, even with comorbidity, at home.

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Treatment of elderly patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis, even with comorbidity, at home.

Eur J Intern Med. 2013 Jul;24(5):430-2

Authors: Rodríguez-Cerrillo M, Poza-Montoro A, Fernandez-Diaz E, Matesanz-David M, Iñurrieta Romero A

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis are usually hospitalized. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of elderly patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis who were treated at home versus traditional Hospitalization.
METHODS: Prospective study from March 2011 to September 2012 including patients over 70 years with uncomplicated diverticulitis admitted to Hospital at Home Unit and to Conventional Hospitalization from the Emergency Department. Patients with β-lactam allergy or who required admission to Conventional Hospitalization for other pathology were excluded. All patients were given intravenous antibiotic. Patients transferred to Hospital at Home stayed 24h in the Observation Ward within the Emergency Department prior to discharge. Characteristics and outcomes of patients are analyzed.
RESULTS: 34 patients were treated at home and 18 in hospital. Mean age was similar in both groups (77 vs 79). The oldest patient treated at home was 90 years old. 64% of patients treated in Hospital at Home had comorbidity vs 68% in Conventional Hospitalization. 11% of patients treated at home were diabetic. Thickening colonic wall was present in 100% of patients. 38% of patients treated at home had free fluid vs 42% treated in Hospital. All patients had a good clinical evolution. None of the patients treated at home was transferred to Hospital. Home treatment was associated with a cost reduction of 1368 euros per patient.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment at home of elderly patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis is as safe and effective as treatment in Hospital, even if patient has comorbidity.

PMID: 23623263 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]