Antibiotics (Basel). 2021 Jun 8;10(6):685. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics10060685.
Objective: The goal of the present study was to evaluate treatment with Canephron® compared to standard antibiotic treatment after diagnosis of acute cystitis or urinary tract infection (UTI), with regard to the risk of sporadic recurrent UTIs, frequent recurrent UTIs, UTI-related sick leave, additional antibiotic prescriptions, and renal complications (pyelonephritis). Methods: This retrospective cohort study was based on data from the IMS® Disease Analyzer database (IQVIA), and included outpatients in Germany with at least one diagnosis of acute cystitis or UTI with a prescription of either Canephron® or standard antibiotics between January 2016 and June 2019 and treated in general practitioner (GP), gynecologist, or urologist practices, from which the data were obtained. Multivariable regression models were used to investigate the association between Canephron® prescription and the amount of sporadic or frequent recurrent UTIs, as well as the duration of UTI-related sick leave, the number of additional antibiotic prescriptions, and cases of pyelonephritis. The effects of Canephron® were adjusted for age, sex, insurance status, and Charlson comorbidity score (CCI). Results: 2320 Canephron® patients and 158,592 antibiotic patients were available for analysis. Compared to antibiotic prescription, Canephron® prescription was significantly associated with fewer sporadic recurrences of UTI infections 30-365 days after the index date (odds ratio (OR): 0.66; 95%, confidence interval (CI): 0.58-0.72), as well as less frequent recurrences of UTI infections (OR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.49-0.88), and also with reduced additional antibiotic prescription within 31-365 days (OR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.52-0.63). No significant differences were observed between the Canephron® and antibiotic cohorts with regard to the likelihood of sick leave (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.86-1.14), new antibiotic prescription within 1-30 days (OR: 1.01; 95% CI: 0.87-1.16), or occurrence of pyelonephritis (Hazard Ratio (HR): 1.00; 95% CI: 0.67-1.48). Conclusion: These real-world data show that Canephron® is an effective, safe symptomatic treatment for acute cystitis or UTI. It should be considered as an alternative treatment, particularly to also strengthen antimicrobial stewardship strategies.