Tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 mediates C-type lectin receptor-induced activation of the kinase Syk and anti-fungal TH17 responses.

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Tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 mediates C-type lectin receptor-induced activation of the kinase Syk and anti-fungal TH17 responses.

Nat Immunol. 2015 Jun;16(6):642-52

Authors: Deng Z, Ma S, Zhou H, Zang A, Fang Y, Li T, Shi H, Liu M, Du M, Taylor PR, Zhu HH, Chen J, Meng G, Li F, Chen C, Zhang Y, Jia XM, Lin X, Zhang X, Pearlman E, Li X, Feng GS, Xiao H

Abstract
Fungal infection stimulates the canonical C-type lectin receptor (CLR) signaling pathway via activation of the tyrosine kinase Syk. Here we identify a crucial role for the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 in mediating CLR-induced activation of Syk. Ablation of the gene encoding SHP-2 (Ptpn11; called 'Shp-2' here) in dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages impaired Syk-mediated signaling and abrogated the expression of genes encoding pro-inflammatory molecules following fungal stimulation. Mechanistically, SHP-2 operated as a scaffold, facilitating the recruitment of Syk to the CLR dectin-1 or the adaptor FcRγ, through its N-SH2 domain and a previously unrecognized carboxy-terminal immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). We found that DC-derived SHP-2 was crucial for the induction of interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and IL-23 and anti-fungal responses of the TH17 subset of helper T cells in controlling infection with Candida albicans. Together our data reveal a mechanism by which SHP-2 mediates the activation of Syk in response to fungal infection.

PMID: 25915733 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]