Infect Drug Resist. 2021 Apr 8;14:1343-1355. doi: 10.2147/IDR.S300814. eCollection 2021.
BACKGROUND: According to the 2017 global report, Ethiopia is among the top 30 high tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) burden countries. However, studies on MDR-TB treatment outcomes in Southern Ethiopia was very limited. Therefore, the study was aimed at determining the unfavorable treatment outcome and its predictors among patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Southern Ethiopia MDR-TB treatment centers.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective follow-up study was conducted in Southern Ethiopia MDR-TB treatment initiating centers. Three hundred sixty-three patients were included in the study. Kaplan-Meier failure curve, median time, and Log rank test were used to present the descriptive findings. Then, a Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors of unfavorable treatment outcome. The strength of the association was reported using an adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) and a 95% confidence interval (CI). Finally, the Cox Snell residual test was used to check the goodness of fit.
RESULTS: For the entire cohort, the unfavorable treatment outcome was 23.68% (19.29, 28.09). Hospitalization for care (AHR = 2.07; 95% CI = 1.21, 3.63), male sex (AHR = 1.85; 95% CI = 1.002, 3.42), attending tertiary education (AHR = 0.31; 95% CI = 0.11, 0.91), and those with low hemoglobin (AHR = 2.89; 95% CI = 1.55, 5.38) were predictors for unfavorable treatment outcome.
CONCLUSION: The unfavorable treatment outcome was higher compared with the national goal of END-TB by 2020. Hospitalizations for care, male sex, and low hemoglobin level increased the hazard of the unfavorable treatment outcome. On the other hand, attending territory education decreased the hazard of the unfavorable treatment outcome.