Use of granulocyte transfusion in early period in life-threatening infections of pediatric hematology and oncology patients: A single-center experience

Transfus Apher Sci. 2021 Apr 8:103134. doi: 10.1016/j.transci.2021.103134. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Despite all the developments in medicine, infections continue to be one of the most important causes of mortality in pediatric hematology and oncology patients. The more severe the degree of neutropenia develops after intensive chemotherapy in cancer patients, and the longer the neutropenia duration, the higher the risk of infection. Granulocyte transfusion (GT) is used as supportive therapy in cases where the bone marrow needs time to recover in invasive bacterial or fungal infections along with severe neutropenia. The patients who had granulocyte transfusions in our clinic between June 2019 and June 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 15 units of granulocyte concentrate were used in 11 febrile neutropenia attacks of 9 patients. The demographic characteristics of the patients and features belonging to the period of GT were recorded. In our study, the clinical response rate after GT was 90.9 %, while the hematological response rate was 40 %. Most of the patients were treated succesfully, the mortality rate was 9%. We think that the most critical factor for success with GTs is determining the neutropenic patient in particular with a combination of high-risk malignancy and acute life-threatening infection for using GT. Also, early use of GT in those patients who do not recover despite appropriate antimicrobial and supportive treatment may contribute to improvement of the clinical conditon in a shorter period of time and reduction of repeated GTs.

PMID:33858754 | DOI:10.1016/j.transci.2021.103134