Utility of Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure Monitoring in Mechanically Ventilated (MV) Children in Preventing Post-extubation Stridor (PES)

Indian J Crit Care Med. 2021 Feb;25(2):181-184. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23737.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study if protocolized monitoring of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff pressure every 6 hours is better than adjusting endotracheal tube cuff inflation by the only bedside clinical assessment.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single-center prospective randomized controlled study done between July 1, 2017 and March 31, 2019. Children between 1 month and 18 years, intubated with cuffed ETT by our trained doctors were included. After obtaining consent, patients were randomized into two groups, standard group (SG) and cuff pressure monitoring group (MG). Sample size was calculated with 80 patients in each group with a power of 80%, significance level (alpha 0.05 and beta 0.2). In the SG, ETT cuff inflation was adjusted by clinical assessment (bedside minimal leak technique and monitoring the percentage of leak displayed on ventilator display) at 6 hours interval. In the MG, cuff pressures were monitored by the device every 6 hours to maintain between 20 and 25 mm Hg.

RESULTS: Out of 543 mechanically ventilated children during the study period, 266 were eligible and randomized for study. During the study, 89 patients died and 17 were left against medical advice, leaving 80 patients in each group. Incidence of post-extubation stridor (PES), re-intubation rate, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rate, ventilator days, and length of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay were analyzed and found no advantage of protocolized monitoring of cuff pressures in the reduction of any of the above variables.

CONCLUSION: Our findings if confirmed by large multicentric studies can bring an end to routine ETT cuff pressure measurements and emphasize more on clinical assessment. Clinical trial registry (CTRI/2019/05/019098).Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine (2021): 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23737.

HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Shaikh F, Janaapureddy YR, Mohanty S, Reddy PK, Sachane K, Dekate PS, et al. Utility of Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure Monitoring in Mechanically Ventilated (MV) Children in Preventing Post-extubation Stridor (PES). Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(2):181-184.

PMID:33707897 | PMC:PMC7922465 | DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23737