Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 19:ciaa1744. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa1744. Online ahead of print.
The revised vancomycin consensus guidelines recommended area under the curve (AUC)-guided dosing/monitoring for patients with serious invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections as a measure to minimize vancomycin-associated acute kidney injury (VA-AKI) while maintaining similar effectiveness. Data indicate that the intensity of vancomycin exposure drives VA-AKI risk. Troughs of 15-20 mg/L will ensure an AUC ≥400 mg × hr/L but most patients will have daily AUCs >600. VA-AKI increases as a function of AUC, especially when >600. In addition to minimizing VA-AKI risk while maintaining similar efficacy, AUC-guided dosing/monitoring is a more precise way to conduct therapeutic drug monitoring for vancomycin relative to trough-only control.