BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Jul 5;14(7):e243908. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2021-243908.
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation. We report a case of VAP caused by Providencia rettgeri in a postoperative 58-year-old man with prepyloric perforation. The patient's ICU stay was complicated by VAP. As the organism was carbapenem resistant, high-dose extended infusion of meropenem along with cefepime was started. Early identification and treatment helped in successful weaning of the patient from the ventilator. Providencia is an emerging nosocomial pathogen with an increase in resistance pattern. This case highlights the rarity and importance of Providencia as a cause of VAP.