[Vulvar pruritus: determination of the most common causes and their treatments].

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[Vulvar pruritus: determination of the most common causes and their treatments].

Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2015 Mar;83(3):179-88

Authors: Carrillo-Meléndrez H, Villamil-Cerda D, Espinoza-Hernández J, Lacy-Niebla RM

Abstract
Vulvar pruritus can be caused by a wide spectrum of diseases, that depend on age, environmental and genetic factors. The most common causes are candidiasis, contact dermatitis and lichen simplex chronicus. Candidiasis is the most common cause of acute vulvar pruritus and is characterized by burning, itching and vaginal whitish secretion. Contact dermatitis is caused by irritants or allergens that are in contact with the genital area, which causes imbalance in the skin barrier causing irritation, swelling, burning, among other manifestations. Lichen simplex chronicus is characterized by lichenification (thickening of the skin) secondary to the chronic itch-scratch cycle in vulvar area. It is an illnes with a tendency to chronicity, but with topical corticosteroids treatment usually might be controlled. Prompt treatment, multidisciplinary and careful attention to irritants and secondary infections prevent these entities become an important and permanent problem.

PMID: 26058171 [PubMed - in process]