Where clinical chemistry meets medicinal chemistry. Systematic analysis of physico-chemical properties predicts stability of common used drugs in gel separator serum tubes.

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Where clinical chemistry meets medicinal chemistry. Systematic analysis of physico-chemical properties predicts stability of common used drugs in gel separator serum tubes.

Clin Chim Acta. 2016 Aug 24;

Authors: Steuer C, Huber AR, Bernasconi L

Abstract
BACKGROUND: As LC-MS/MS techniques are becoming more accessible even outside of highly specialized clinical laboratories, pre-analytical issues such as drug stability during specimen storage should be critically evaluated before implementing therapeutic drug monitoring. Our study investigated the influence of physico-chemical properties of different drugs in regard to their interaction with gel separators used in commercial available collection tubes.
METHODS: Drug spiked blood samples were analyzed after storage in different commercial gel- and non-gel based serum tubes. LC-ESI-MS/MS based methods were used to determine drug concentration in serum samples.
RESULTS: Lipophilic compounds, defined by logP>3 and a compatibility factor>20 are prone to be efficiently and rapidly absorbed by lipophilic gel barriers inducing a significant in-vitro decrease of drug concentration over a short storage time. Our data show a relevant drop of concentration of posaconazole, sertraline and citalopram when stored in gel based tubes. Molecular descriptors such as logP, polar surface area and protein binding seem to be good predictive markers to identify gel interacting drugs.
CONCLUSION: For ease of handling and minimization of blood drawing times, we assume that tubes containing separator gel can be used for therapeutic drug monitoring of high hydrophilic drugs. In contrast lipophilic compounds showing logP higher than 3 and/or CF>20 should be critically considered and validated by extensive stability studies.
ABBREVIATIONS: logP, partition coefficient; PSA, polar surface area; TDM, therapeutic drug monitoring; ACN, acetonitrile; MeOH, methanol; IVD, in-vitro diagnostic; CF, compatibility factor.

PMID: 27567701 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]