Which antibiotics and breakpoints should be used for Aeromonas susceptibility testing? Considerations from a comparison of agar dilution and disk diffusion methods using Enterobacteriaceae breakpoints.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Sep;31(9):2369-77
Authors: Lamy B, Laurent F, Kodjo A, Roger F, Jumas-Bilak E, colBVH Study Group, Marchandin H
Aeromonas species are environmental organisms that are responsible for numerous infections in humans and animals. Their antimicrobial susceptibility is usually evaluated using Enterobacteriaceae breakpoints. Although disk diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)-based methods are important for infectious disease management and epidemiological surveys of resistance, comparisons between these two methods have not been extensively studied for Aeromonas isolates. We propose the first extensive comparison of agar dilution and disk diffusion susceptibility testing methods, performed for 20 antimicrobial agents, including unevaluated or incompletely evaluated antibiotics (ticarcillin with or without clavulanic acid, ertapenem, tigecycline), on 146 Aeromonas isolates affiliated with six Aeromonas species via molecular means. We evaluated the level of agreement between Enterobacteriaceae breakpoints-based methods. Reliable agreement (>95%) was observed for piperacillin, cefotaxime, cefepime, nalidixic acid, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, amikacin, tetracycline and cotrimoxazole, whereas marked inconsistencies between the methods were noted for carbapenems, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, ticarcillin, ticarcillin-clavulanic acid, tobramycin and tigecycline. The results indicate that beta-lactam and aminoglycoside susceptibility testing should be limited to piperacillin, cephems, gentamicin and amikacin. Co-amoxiclav should be avoided given the lack of agreement between the two methods. Adjusting the zone diameter breakpoints for tigecycline and cefoxitin could also improve the agreement to >95% and reduce the error rates to acceptable levels.
PMID: 22367351 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]