Wound healing performance of PCL/chitosan based electrospun nanofiber electrosprayed with curcumin loaded chitosan nanoparticles

Carbohydr Polym. 2021 May 1;259:117640. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.117640. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

ABSTRACT

In this study, the electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/Chitosan (CS)/curcumin (CUR) nanofiber was fabricated successfully with curcumin loaded chitosan nano-encapsulated particles (CURCSNPs). The morphology of the produced CURCSNPs, PCL, PCL/CS, PCL/CS/CUR, and PCL/CS/CUR electrosprayed with CURCSNPs were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The physicochemical properties and biological characteristics of fabricated nanofibers such as antibacterial, antioxidant, cell viability, and in vivo wound healing efficiency and histological assay were tested. The electrospraying of CURCSNPs on surface PCL/CS/CUR nanofiber resulted in the enhanced antibacterial, antioxidant, cell proliferation efficiencies and higher swelling and water vapor transition rates. In vivo examination and Histological analysis showed PCL/CS/CUR electrosprayed with CURCSNPs led to significant improvement of complete well-organized wound healing process in MRSA infected wounds. These results suggest that the application of PCL/CS/CUR electrosprayed with CURCSNPs as a wound dressing significantly facilitates wound healing with notable antibacterial, antioxidant, and cell proliferation properties.

PMID:33673981 | DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.117640